What is a Programming language?

A Programming language is a computer-readable language that is used by programmers to develop software applications or a set of instructions for a computer to process the task given to it. There are numerous programming languages, these languages have their own rules, structure, and syntax to write a program.

Top Computer Programming Languages

When you decide to have a programming career, some common questions that strike your mind are as follows:

  • In which programming language, you should invest your money and time?
  • Which programming language is in demand?
  • Which one offers plenty of jobs?
  • Which language is stable in the market?

There is no ‘right’ answer to such questions. Choosing the first programming language to learn will depend on what type of projects you work on, which programming language you need to work with, how easy you want it to be, and what the difficulty level is.

To know about the top five programming languages, check out the following video

Below are some of the top 6 latest programming languages you can learn for grabbing lucrative jobs or for upgrading your current programming skills. If you want to work as a developer, you must know at least two programming languages and enhance your skills in them.

I made this post very helpful these are some programming languages that are covered:

Let’s start with the first programming language.


Python is one of the most flourishing programming languages in technology today. It is very easy and fun for beginners to learn Python because it is an open-source and object-oriented programming language. Python programming language was developed by Guido Van Rossum, and it was released in the year 1991.

It is very easy to use and easy to deploy, and it supports many platforms and systems. It is very simple to understand and the easiest programming language to learn. It supports multiple libraries and allows you to do more complex applications effortlessly. It is used in web development, system development, Machine Learning, etc. The most popular websites such as Instagram, Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, and Amazon make use of Python programming language.

However, Python programming language is not suitable for mobile computing. The database layer is a bit primitive and underdeveloped.

If you are looking for a better job and a high salary, enroll now with Intellipaat’s Python Certification Training!


JavaScript is another new coding language, which is again a popular object-oriented language. It was earlier named ‘LiveScript,’ when released in the year 1995, and later it was renamed as JavaScript. JavaScript is vital to designing frontend web development and backend development. JavaScript programming language helps give a good look and feel for websites so that it is easier for the end-users. It is compatible with all major browsers.

Unlike Python, this programming language can be used in mobile development, and also for desktop app development and game development. JavaScript programming language is very easy to learn. Many of the organizations such as Netflix, Uber, PayPal, and several startups use it.

JavaScript is a client-side scripting language. It is very fast as it can run in the client-side browser. JavaScript will not allow many inheritances, and it can be interpreted by different browsers.


Java has been the most popular and common coding language in use to date. It is used by large organizations for developing server-side applications. Java is a general-purpose programming language with an object-oriented structure. It has WORA capabilities, i.e., it can ‘Write Once, Run Anywhere.’ Java was designed and developed at Sun Microsystems by James Gosling in the year 1996. Java programming language offers various APIs for different activities such as networking, database connection, XML parsing, etc.

Java is the most widely used computer programming language you need to learn if you are looking for development-based jobs. It has a powerful Java Virtual Machine (JVM), which makes it cross-platform compatible. JVM is used as a backend for various websites, namely, Google, Twitter, and YouTube. It applies to web applications, Android applications, and Big Data tools.

Java has powerful open-source rapid-development tools and has a large number of open-source libraries. In Java, memory management is very expensive, and there is a limit to creating high-quality data structures in the absence of templates.

Wish to be a Java Developer? Sign up for the Java Training offered by Intellipaat!

R Programming Language

R is a programming language that was developed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka in 1993. It is used in statistical computing, scientific research, and data analytics. R is open-source, and it runs on all platforms easily. It provides a variety of graphical and statistical techniques and is highly extensible. R has eight packages supplied with its distribution and many more from the CRAN family covering a wide range of modern statistics.

Advantages of R programming language:

  • Support for data wrangling
  • Array of packages
  • Quality graphing and plotting
  • High compatibility
  • Machine Learning operations

Disadvantages of R programming language:

  • Weak origin
  • Basic security features
  • Weak data handling
  • Slow
  • Spread across various packages

According to the survey by Revolution Analytics, the average salary of an R Programmer is US$110,000 per year in the United States. 

If you are a Data Analytics enthusiast, enroll now with Intellipaat’s R Programming Certification!


Swift is a general-purpose and open-source programming language. If you are interested in developing iOS applications, then opting for Swift programming language is the right decision to make, and it is a high-paid career path too. Swift was developed by Apple in July 2010. It is used to develop macOS and iOS applications. Swift has replaced Aim C for Apple-related applications.

Programming in Swift is similar to the English language and, thus, it is easy to understand; it does not have long code lines. However, with the continuous updating of Swift versions of Apple, it is unstable.


C is the oldest programming language, which is flexible and efficient. C++ is the advanced version C, and it was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1983. C/C++ is the root of other programming languages such as Java, C#, and JavaScript and, hence, they have a similar syntax to C/C++.

is used in advanced computations, graphics compilers, and game development. It has many compilers and libraries. However, it does not support dynamic memory allocation, and the syntax of this language is very complex for beginners.

If you are new to programming, then you can start with this C Programming Tutorial!

How to get started?

Although there are many, only the top 6 programming languages are shortlisted above. All computer programming languages are prone to changes. Nonetheless, the list of programming languages mentioned above has proved to have a great stay in the market so far and it will continue in the future to a far extend. Therefore, by learning one of these programming languages, you can be in an excellent position in the upcoming years.


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